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Kurien focuses much of his discussion in this article around American multiculturism and ethnic nationalism, studying the immigration of Hindu Americans. He defined ethnic nationalism as a resource for members to be aware and proud of their heritage and culture, making them still feel a part of their homeland and community, also to resist prejudice and racism, all this to be more successful in their integration into multicultural America. The other important concept that Kurien brings up can stem from and be affected by people’s feelings of ethic nationalism, that being American multiculturalism, the world American multiculturalism painting a picture-perfect idea of America where everyone gets along and is welcome but instead, it covers up and alters the image of racism and subordination of minority groups in America, isolating ethnic groups from other Americans. Through politics, religion, migration, marginality and diasporic nationalism, just to name a few, Kurien looks to uncover the integration of Hindu Americans into American society, and how that, in turn, affects societies and cultures of their homeland. Kurien does call into question his idea of authenticity of Hindu Americans, finding that a lot of immigrants from places where Hinduism is large, go to gatherings for Hindus and participate in their practices, not because they share the same beliefs but as a way to stay connected to their homeland and other people with the same background while in this new country of America, making religion the basis of community. Kurien therefore, shifting his definition away from a tight religion to rather Hindu as people who define India as homeland, allowing many more groups to fall under the definition of Hindu. Kurien also emphasizes the Hindutva movement, Hindutva meaning Hinduness, is an ideology a part of right-wing extremism that has recently been found as negative instead to the Hindu community. He definiens Hindtva people as those who see Hinduism based on Indian civilization, culture, and tradition, making political pronouncements, strategies and agendas built on the traditional. Hindutva agendas of pro-Hindu in turn create an anti-Muslim and anti-Christian platform. This study, focusing on Hindu Americans is used to highlight dilemmas faced by multicultural societies trying to institutionalize pluralism. Scholars can use these ideas of Hindu Americans to look at other religions and countries ideas of multiculturism but multiculturism differs between societies, therefore, making it hard to apply cookie-cutter definitions and movements to help to build stronger multiculturism and ethnic nationalism, he concludes by calling for multiculturalism to be loosened to recognize the complexity of globalization, transnationalism, and diversity of attachments